Grotrian-Steinweg; ca. 1922; CIM-009

From

Collection of Musical Instruments, Conservatory of Aveiro (Portugal)

About this object

[en] The Steinweg factory was established in 1835 by Heinrich Steinweg, who in 1850 emigrated with his family to New York, where he anglicised his name to ‘Henry Steinway’, and founded the firm with the same name. However, his son Theodor stayed in Germany, being joined by Friedrich Grotrian in 1858. In 1865 the later’s son, Wilhelm Grotrian, bought Theodor Steinweg’s share, as the later joined his father in the USA.
Grotrian-Steinweg pianos were highly regarded by Clara Schumman, and their ‘sonority and beauty of tone’ (1) was highly prized. They devised a structure (which is used both in this instrument and in CIM-010) where the tensions at the rim concentrate at a single, central point, by the use of a group of radial braces under the soundboard.
Grand piano cases do not allow a great deal of variation in case design because, contrary to the upright, their side walls have a largely structural function. One of the places where makers are free to use their imagination is in the design of the music desk, which in this case has an elaborate geommetrical design cut into it.
[pt]. A fábrica Steinweg foi criada em 1835 por Heinrich Steinweg, o qual em 1850 emigrou com a sua família para New York, onde anglicisou o seu nome para ‘Henry Steinway’, fundando a firma com o mesmo nome. Contudo, o seu filho Theodor permaneceu na Alemanha, onde se associou a Friedrich Grotrian em 1858. Em 1865 o filho deste, Wilhelm Grotrian, comprou a parte de Theodor Steinweg, que foi para os EUA reunir-se com o pai.
Os pianos Grotrian-Steinweg eram tidos em alta consideração por Clara Schumann, e a sua ‘sonoridade e beleza de som’(1) era muito apreciada. A firma desenvolveu uma estrutura (que se encontra neste instrumento e em CIM-010) em que as tensões da ilharga do instrumento são concentradas num ponto único central por um conjunto de barrotes dispostos radialmente por baixo do tampo.
Os pianos de cauda não permitem grande variação no desenho da sua caixa já que, ao contrário dos verticais, as suas paredes laterais têm uma função largamente estrutural. Um dos locais onde os construtores podem usar livremente a sua imaginação é no desenho da estante de música, que neste caso é recortada, formando um desenho geométrico elaborado.
[references] (1) Cranmer, Margaret: ‘Grotrian-Steiweg’. Grove Music Online.

Maker

Grotrian-Steinweg

Maker Role

maker / construtor

Date Made

ca. 1922

Place Made

Braunschweig (Germany / Alemanha)

Measurements

Scale: 340 mm.
Length: 1850 mm.
Width: 1510 mm.
Height (with legs): 1005 mm (L); 1012 mm (R).
Heigth (box only, at front): 390 mm (L); 393 mm (R).

Object Type

Grand piano

Object number

CIM-009

Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

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