Iron Maize; Kenneth M. Hoak (American sculptor, b. 1934); c. 1960; 2015.00.1535


The Phillips Museum of Art, Franklin & Marshall College


Iron Maize

About this object

Local artist and curator of the Lancaster County Conestoga Area Historical Society, Kenneth Hoak was inspired by an exhibition of Julio Gonzalez at the Museum of Modern Art in 1956. Hoak constructed this abstract, geometric sculpture using scythe blades discarded by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation - found in his grandfather's repair shop. Hoak was following the mid-20th century convention of repurposing materials. His creation evokes both a maze and corn (maize) stalks through its intersecting horizontal and vertical lines.


Kenneth M. Hoak (American sculptor, b. 1934)

Date Made

c. 1960

Medium and Materials


Place Made

United States of America

Inscription and Marks

Maker's mark on the base




35 1/2 x 26 x 4 inches


Gift of Mr. Nathen Rubinson

Credit Line

Gift of Mr. Nathen Rubinson, 1966

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved


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This object is in 2 communities


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