Butter Churn, concussion type, wood and iron, used by dairy factory


Illawarra Museum


Butter Churn, concussion type, wood and iron, used by dairy factory

About this object

Butter churns were used to produce butter by the violent irritation of inserted cream. This motion causes the fat globules to coagulate and the cream solidify. This model was worked by the rapid rotation of the box by a hand crank located on the side. The box sat upright on its stand, unlike other similar models of concussion churns which were held in a tilted position. The size of the churn's body suggests it was used at a dairy factory, though its exact provenance is not known.

Medium and Materials

Wooden body with iron fixtures. The length of the box was made from wooden staves fixed by iron nails with two rectangular wooden ends from single cuts of timber. At the front of the box was an oval opening covered by an oval lid attached by metal holdings.

The box was attached to a wooden frame made from two A-frame stand ends supported by horizontal cross beams. An iron crank handle with wooden cover on the end is attached at the side.

Object Type

Butter Churn

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